*Agenda to date
|Thursday, 4 June|
|11 a.m. – 11:10 a.m.||Welcome, and Update on Work Since Our Last Meeting
Lance Croffoot-Suede, Co-Head, International Governance and Development Practices, Linklaters
|11:10 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.||OPENING KEYNOTE
A Story of Love and Loss: Lessons for Using Market-based Approaches to Social Development
Vikram Akula, Founder, SKS Microfinance
Market-based approaches (MBAs) are an increasingly prevalent component of funding social development and poverty alleviation. They employ innovative business models and novel financing mechanisms, and have had significant successes. MBAs have also been criticised for failing to create holistic solutions that embody accountability, transparency, adaptability and cross-sector coordination. This Opening Keynote will address these questions in the context of SKS Microfinance, one of the world’s largest financial inclusion companies.
|12:20 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.||Breakout
Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship at the Saïd Business School:
The Evolution of Social Entrepreneurial Thinking and Practice –
Pamela Hartigan, Director, Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, Saïd Business School,University of Oxford
This session will examine the variety of models of social entrepreneurial practice, which are responding to market failures that have negative outcomes for the poor and excluded. Increasingly, many of these ventures are structured as for-profits. They focus on creating new markets and attracting impact investors who seek financial returns in addition to social and environmental outcomes. Tension arises due to declining government and foundation philanthropic funding, and a consequent reliance on markets to address the needs of the poor. In this context, what are the prospects for continued support for entrepreneurial non-market ventures that are so critical to social change movements? Are market-based ventures more effective than philanthropically dependent ventures in engaging the voices of the poor in the shaping and governance of social ventures?
Rafat Al Akhali, Minister of Youth and Sports, Government of Yemen; Deng Chol, Dubin Fellow, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; Daniel Davis, Governance Lead, Department for International Development Post-2015 team; Ulysses Smith, Senior Associate, International Governance and Development Practices, Linklaters; Yeajin Yoon, MPP Candidate, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford;
The 2014 seminar concluded with a call for the international community to include governance in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. In the year since, the seminar has been active on this issue in a variety of ways, including by working on the critical issue of measuring progress with a sustainable development goal on governance. At this year’s seminar, we will consider how measurability can support governance in the new agenda, and how governance can ensure impact of the agenda for the poor.
|1:30 p.m. – 2:15 p.m||
|2:15 p.m. – 3:30 p.m.||breakout
How the Move from Traditional Aid-delivery to Market-based Approaches Impacts Engagement with Donors, and What It Means for the Poor
Kathleen Britain, Director of Community Investment, Barclays; Martin Burt, Founder, Fundación Paraguaya; Barry Coleman, Co-founder and Executive Director, Riders for Health; Ron Layton, Founder, LightYears IP
Pro-poor impact, sustainability, and scale: these core objectives must be achieved in the new funding environment and its emphasis on “payment by results.” How NGOs and donors will work together to do so – by developing new models, and new approaches to their relationship – while remaining connected to the realities of the poor and firmly rooted in their mission, is a key challenge for the years ahead, as market-based approaches represent an increasingly large proportion of the development pie. This session will provide practical guidance on these issues, focusing on how good governance can contribute to effectively navigating the challenges to come, and ensuring that the poor, and in particular the extreme poor, are at the centre of development and are not left behind.
Fredrik Galtung, Chief Executive Officer, Integrity Action; Padma Jyoti, Chairman, Jyoti Group; Robert Rubinstein, Chief Executive Officer, TBLI; Olly Donnelly, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Shivia
Around the world, grassroots movements, empowered by technology, are emerging in response to seemingly ineffectual or indifferent political systems that have failed to deliver improvements in governance and service delivery. The growing strength of connected communities around the world is ensuring that ordinary citizens’ voices can be heard. This session will explore this new citizen governance movement and its implications for improving the climate for investment.
|3:30 p.m. – 4 p.m.||
|4 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.||
“Report Back” from Preceding Breakouts
|4:30 p.m. – 5:45 p.m.||debate
Should We Make Public Sector Contracts Public?
Moderator: Jeff Gutman, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution
Materials: Download here.
One of the greatest governance challenges in development finance and broader public contracting is ensuring the quality of project/contract implementation. Last year’s seminar paper identified this element as the most significant issue in achieving expected outcomes and the element that is the least transparent stage of the public procurement cycle. This year’s paper goes deeper into this stage by addressing the issue of transparency and accessibility of project implementation and the strengths and weaknesses of multilateral and donor monitoring systems. One important factor, however, is the lack of disclosure of public contracts. There are serious legal, trade and security issues that have been raised against such disclosure; but these are beginning to be challenged in a number of countries. This session will debate the issue in a constructive dialogue designed to raise understanding and, hopefully, move the agenda forward.
Drinks and Dinner
Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology
|Friday, 5 June|
|9 a.m. – 10:15 a.m.||Plenary
Private Sector Operators in Fragile States: How Can Business be Harnessed to Advance Humanitarian and Development Action?
Joanne Burke, Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Planning from the Future Project, King’s College London; James Henry, Social Performance Adviser; RANDOLPH KENT, Director, Planning from the Futures Project; Marcela Manubens, Global VP of Social Impact, Unilever,
Interconnected global phenomena such as climate change, geo-political tensions, changing migration patterns, and economic and energy pressures put immense strains on already fragile states. Accordingly, those states frequently receive humanitarian and development interventions. Local and international private sector companies can be a constant presence throughout the changing fortunes of those fragile states. The majority of corporations have a strong business interest in their host states stabilising and succeeding. Other corporations may be seen as voraciously exploiting vulnerable markets. Critical to this effort is identifying ways, through good governance, to ensure that both humanitarian and development actors are able effectively to connect with the private sector at global, regional and national levels to effectively respond to the needs of the poor in fragile states. In this session, we will carry forward discussions that have emerged from the World Humanitarian Summit’s regional and other consultations. We will explore how business engagement can be well coordinated with the humanitarian effort, through promotion of their business activities, use of their expertise, preparation for crises, and rapidly responding to them.
|10:15 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.||Master Class
Oxford Department of International Development: Private Sector Governance of Global Supply Chains: Perspectives from the Mining Industry
Michael Bloomfield, Departmental Lecturer in Global Governance, Oxford Department of International Development; Terry Heymann, Managing Director, World Gold Council; Richard Morgan, Head of Government Relations, Anglo American; Sarah Barnard, Associate, Dispute Resolution Practice, Linklaters; Feriel Zerouki, Head of Government and Industry Relations, De Beers Group of Companies, External & Corporate Affairs, UK
Materials: Download here.
Looking ahead to the post-2015 world, companies can no longer limit their concern for the poor to the immediate effects of their business. Production processes have become global in scope, making the impact of the entire supply chain on development a core concern of lead firms within them. What role is the private sector playing in governing the development impacts of transnational production on the poor? In this session, we discuss the prospects and limits of market-based approaches to development within the supply chains of the mining industry, from the site of extraction to the end-use product.
New York Law School: Social “Intrapreneurship” in the Private Sector: Praxis, Process and Potential
Materials: Download here.
“Social” issues such as the lack of clean water in Africa, childhood malnutrition in Bangladesh, and lack of employment opportunities in parts of rural India, are examples of problems that are generally thought of as being in the domain of governments, non-profits, NGOs, and the philanthropic sectors, and not in the domain of the large for-profit corporation. The problem with this general understanding, however, is that increasingly it is the large for-profit corporation that may be best suited (whether in terms of existing know-how, financial wherewithal, or network access) for developing meaningful solutions for many of today’s global problems, aka “social intrapreneurship.” This session will examine the role of social intrapreneurship as a practice that has the potential to, and in many ways does, help a for-profit corporation navigate between axiomatic concepts of profit and that of social good.
|11:30 a.m. – 12 p.m.||Networking and Light Lunch
|12 p.m. – 12:45 p.m.||
Briefings on Recent Developments
Houman Shadab, Professor, New York Law School
Featuring recent work on trade finance and electronic payment systems such as Mpesa and governance issues related thereto.
Ann Cotton, President, Camfed
Data and Democracy: Discussing transparency in data sharing and its impact on the rural poor.
|12:45 p.m. – 2 p.m.||Closing Plenary
Ensuring Market-based Approaches to Development Work for the Poor
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford; Stefan Dercon, Chief Economist, Department for International Development; Diana Good, Commissioner, Independent Commission for Aid Impact
Market-based approaches to development, and the wider transition from aid to trade, hold great promise, and great peril. These approaches have the potential to produce development that is sustainable, and wide-spread, in that they rely on generating economic growth and financial self-reliance and less on the promise of assistance from donors. At the same time, these approaches run the real risk of losing sight of the needs of the poor and vulnerable, particularly the poorest of the poor, who often fall outside the reach of markets. In this session, we will consider these challenges, and how good governance can work to mitigate the risks associated with them, and to ensure that the promise of development continues to be for the poor.
|2 p.m. – 2:15 p.m.||Summation and Close
Peter Sherratt, Executive Chair, Against Malaria